Every 10 years, the Census Bureau and state legislators redraw district boundaries for seats in the U.S. House of Representatives, as well as for districts in their own state legislatures. The redistricting process seeks to ensure that each person’s vote counts equally and is not diluted by population shifts.
Article I, Section 4 of the U.S. Constitution reserves authority over elections to the states. Historically, state legislatures have controlled the apportionment process for their own legislative districts and congressional districts in accordance with their state constitutions. After decades of holding political majorities at the federal, state and local levels, the Democratic Party lost significant numbers of state legislative seats and in 2010 effectively lost its control over the redistricting process. The Left is now seeking to restore Democratic political power by stripping state legislators of their authority over the redistricting process.
When you can’t win by the rules, you try to change the rules. Today, the Left is uniting around removing state legislators entirely from the redistricting process in favor of a non-partisan or “independent commission” approach. ACRU Policy Board member Hans von Spakovsky, a senior legal fellow for the Heritage Foundation, argues that disconnecting the redistricting process from the oversight of the electorate would be very harmful to the nation:
“So-called independent commissions remove accountability —- commissioners are not accountable to voters for what they do, unlike legislators. Commissioners just move the politics of redistricting behind closed doors.”1
Non-partisan or independent commissions are never truly non-partisan or independent. They are chosen by individuals with partisan interests, and since they are not elected, they are not accountable to the people.
One insightful description of non-partisan commissions appeared recently at National Review.
If you believe that those so-called independent commissions dreamed up by our would-be electoral reformers would in fact prove non-partisan, consider how non-partisan and independent our non-partisan and independent media are —- or consider how easy it is to predict which justices will vote which way in any politically charged case before our non-partisan and independent Supreme Court.2
Another Leftist ploy is to involve the courts in determining the appropriate amount of partisan gerrymandering —- i.e. determining how much politics is enough or too much.
Hans Von Spakovsky explains why this is problematic:
Over 70 years ago, Justice Felix Frankfurter warned the Supreme Court against getting into the “political thicket” of redistricting. In Colegrove v. Green, he said that the court should not get into the business of drawing political maps. But starting in the early 1960s, the Supreme Court ignored that warning. It has since handed down a series of decisions regarding redistricting. Unfortunately, the rules established in these decisions are very confusing, which is why there are more redistricting cases before the Supreme Court almost every term.
… Drawing up political districts is, by its very nature, a political exercise by the legislative branch. How could one possibly determine how much or how little politics is acceptable in the redistricting process? The Constitution says nothing about this at all, other than to give state legislatures the authority to draw not only their own state legislative districts, but congressional districts as well.3
In addressing this important issue, constitutional principles must be upheld. The drawing of district boundaries should reflect the will of the people, and conducted through the state legislatures, not unelected bureaucrats or commissions. Involving the courts in redistricting opens the door to non-stop litigation and politicizing of the courts. This approach would insert the judicial branch into the most political of legislative activity and severely undermine the doctrine of separation of powers.
1. Quoted in Logan Churchwell, “SCOTUS Throws Cold Water Early on Obama’s Partisan Gerrymandering Project,” Breitbart, June 19, 2017, at: https://www.breitbart.com/texas/2017/06/19/scotus-throws-cold-water-early-obamas-partisan-gerrymandering-project/↩
2. Kevin D. Williamson, “In Praise of Gerrymandering: Political Exercises Are Political,” National Review, June 21, 2017, at: https://www.nationalreview.com/article/448801/gerrymandering-supreme-court-case-redistricting-legislature-republicans-democrats↩
3. Hans von Spakovsky, “The Supreme Court Agrees to Tackle the Biggest Election Law Case in Years. Will It ‘Weaponize Our Federal Courts?” FoxNews.com, June 20, 2017, at: https://www.foxnews.com/opinion/2017/06/20/supreme-court-agrees-to-tackle-biggest-election-law-case-in-years-will-it-weaponize-our-federal-courts.html↩
H.R. 1: A Religious Test for Redistricting?
Tucked away in H.R. 1, a bill intended to enact sweeping election reforms, is a problematic religious test for public service—this time on redistricting commissions set up by the bill. H.R. 1 requires states to establish a nonpartisan agency in the state legislature. This nonpartisan agency will establish an independent redistricting commission to organize electoral districts.
“Manipulation Not Constitution” for Oklahoma activist group
People Not Politicians is a progressive group trying circumvent Constitutional redistricting power that resides in the majority party of a state (as upheld by SCOTUS.) But never mind the “Supremes,” PNP is pushing state lawsuits to create an “independent” (ha!) citizen’s commission to determine redistricting. Their first lawsuit was shot down by the Oklahoma Supreme Court, so they now going for round two. Just the beginning of this movement, so stay tuned.
Redistricting; reapportionment, we can’t call the whole thing off
If you sometimes are befuddled by the intersection of the census, redistricting and reapportionment—what each means, how they all talk to each other—don’t feel bad; it is confusing. This article uses Pennsylvania as a demonstration of what census numbers mean for redistricting (“how areas will be divided into districts based on the number of seats a state has”) and reapportionment (“the process of deciding how many seats a state will have in the House of Representatives based on changes in population.”) Things that don’t need explanation: census collection will be infiltrated by liberal activists looking to skew Congressional districts in their favor.
Texas: Voter fraud requires forgery
Apply to register to vote in Texas and your application needs to have your original signature. Sounds reasonable? Not according to Democrats. The Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee and the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee have both sued the state claiming this is just downright unfair. Eric Holder, complaining bitterly about “gerrymandering” when Republicans do it, is floating $10 million in the state to make sure redistricting turns out in the Democrats’ favor. We have to wonder — how in the world do they get away with this stuff? Let’s not let them.
Democrat representational politics skews redistricting truth
We always find it instructive to read what the pro-vote corruption liberal cohort is thinking and what they see as the best path to fighting the integrity of the vote (i.e. negating yours.) In this article from a left-leaning news site, the title alone shows their hand. Democrats are working hard to persuade American voters that redistricting is an evil plot to steal votes rather than a Constitutional provision and a requirement for states to ensure proper Congressional apportionment. Even more telling, former President Obama and former AG Eric Holder have teamed up on an effort to fight fictional Republican “voter suppression.” As noted in this article, their new project is called “All on the Line.” Any questions?
A Year After Voters Pass Clean MO, the Fight Continues
It's been a year since Missourians went to the polls and said "yes" to redistricting reform, but supporters say they're still defending the win. Read the article at KMALAND.com
Spakovsky: SCOTUS Gets It Right on Redistricting
ACRU Policy Board Member Hans von Spakovsky explains why the Supreme Court was right to rule that political redistricting is constitutional. Read the October 27 article "Opinion: Engaging in politics doesn’t violate the Constitution" from [...]
ACRU Defends Legislative Authority Over Redistricting
7/27: The ACRU filed an amicus brief in support of a Petition for Writ of Certiorari in the Pennsylvania redistricting case.
Redistricting in Pennsylvania May Change Political Makeup of State
7/9: The Pennsylvania State Supreme Court's decision to redraw three districts in the state may result in three seats going to the Democrats.
Michigan High Court to Consider Redistricting Question
7/6: The Michigan Supreme Court will hear a suit alleging that newly drawn districts are unfairly composed.